Who are Koreans? What is their character? What are the ideals and values of Koreans which make them behave in certain ways? What are their dominant concerns and interests, their worldviews that best express their underlying beliefs and attitudes? In answering these questions, the book argues that the most important aspects of their thought and behavioral patterns find their roots in shamanism and Confucianism. The book first describes the nature of shamanism and illustrates how the folk religion has shaped Koreans’ this-worldly orientation and their strong belief in fate and fortune-telling, among others. The book then explores how Confucian values have engendered a strong emphasis on the family—replete with filial piety and ancestor worship—collectivism, patriarchy, and emphasis on education. The book also discusses certain values which characterize Koreans’ mindset in interpersonal relations, namely chemyeon (“social face”), nunchi (“sizing up the situation”), gibun (priority of group’s mood over one’s own), and jeong (affection). Lastly, the book examines the so-called “emerging values,” beliefs or attitudes which have emerged in recent years as being important, including ethnic nationalism, leisure, fitness, youth, romantic love, concern for the environment, and ppalli ppalli (“hurry up, hurry up”). The book combines historical, religious, comparative, and sociological insights as well as psychological and anthropological findings in providing a detailed treatment of the complexity and uniqueness of Korean culture and, to some extent, society.
Introduction PART I SHAMANIC HABITS OF THE HEART Chapter 1 Korean Shamanism Korean Shamanism: A Polytheistic Religion Shamans and their Roles Gut: Shamanic Rituals Shamanism: This-Worldly Religion par excellence An Affinity between Shamanism and Buddhism The Impact of Shamanism on Christianity Conclusion Chapter 2 Shamanic Practices: Belief in Fate and Fortune-telling Sajupalja (Fortune-telling Based on Birth Date and Time) Goonghap (Divination on Marital Harmony) Gilil (Foretelling Auspicious Days) Auspicious Names Gwansang (Physiognomy) Poongsujiriseol (Feng Shui or Geomancy) Conclusion PART II CONFUCIAN HABITS OF THE HEART Chapter 3 Social Philosophy of Confucianism Neo-Confucianism Confucianism in Korea Conclusion Chapter 4 Confucian Habits of the Heart I: Family-centered Worldview and Practice Filial Piety Ancestor Worship Son Preference Familism Collectivism Conclusion Chapter 5 Confucian Habits of the Heart II: Hierarchical Worldview and Cultural Practices Discrimination against Women in Korea The Korean Language: Subliminal Reinforcement of Hierarchy in Everyday Life Conclusion Chapter 6 Confucian Habits of the Heart III: Cultural Emphasis on Education and Its Impact Education Frenzy in Korea Reasons for the “Education Fever” Education-based Discrimination Positive Consequences of Koreans’ Zeal for Education Negative Impact of Education Frenzy in Korea Conclusion Part III OTHER CULTURAL HABITS OF THE HEART Chapter 7 Habits of the Heart in Interpersonal Interactions Chemyon (“Social Face”) Nunchi (“Sizing Up the Situation”) Gibun (Priority of Group’s Mood over One’s Own) Jeong (Affection) Conclusion Chapter 8 Emerging Habits of the Heart Ethnic Nationalism Leisure Fitness Youth Romantic Love Concern for the Environment Ppalli Ppalli Conclusion Summary and Conclusions References Index
저자 : Andrew Eungi Kim
Andrew Eungi Kim (Ph.D in Sociology, University of Toronto) is Professor in the Division of International Studies at Korea University. He is also the Director of the International Education and Research Center for Global Cultural Studies, Korea University, and is a member of the editorial boards of Religions, Koreana, Journal of Korean Religions, and Journal of Multicultural Society. He served as... more